The museum has a scientific reference library as a basis for internal and external research work. The library currently has an inventory of over 3,100 books and 2,000 newspapers and journals about the history of Peenemünde, the development of air and space travel and other topics relevant to the museum. At present, independent online research is not possible.

The library is a reference library, which means that books may only be used in the museum. All employees and guests of the museum can use the library. External interested parties can use the library inventory on-site by prior arrangement as a day visitor, but this requires prior registration for use. Further information about using the library can be found in the Regulations for Use of the Library.